9 Surprising Ethiopia Literacy Rate Statistics and Facts


One of the poorest nations in the African continent is Ethiopia. Its type of government is a federal republic, which has been an issue for residents in the country because of the lack of economic improvements. In addition to this, the country is also suffering from overpopulation having around 94 million people, which is considered too much for the total land area.


1. Studies show that the maximum life expectancy of the people living in Ethiopia should only go around fifty-seven years. Moreover, only a small portion of the population have accomplished quality educational attainments, in which most of the population are victims of poverty and are jobless.

2. The poverty rate that has become so high has been attributed to the lack of good quality education in the country. This has also been part of the parents’ inability to send their kids to school.

Literacy Rate

3. According to some, the overall literacy of the country is just around 43%. Thus, such data might be one of the worst problems that can possibly found in the area. Moreover, it is just proof that the country’s current status will not bring any good opportunities for the people living in the Ethiopia.

4. Likewise, most of the citizens living there are illiterate, in which almost 80% of the people living in the country do not have the capacity to read and write words that can be found on books as well as other educational tools.

Possible Causes of Illiteracy

5. Budget – The country has been facing insufficient budget for education, particularly in the financial planning of the national government. In fact, most of the people living in the country don’t know how to write even the simplest statements which are part of the national language.

6. Educational Institutions – As long as the educational institutions won’t be willing to open up for the poorest citizens of the country, there will be no improvement in terms of literacy rate. The worst impact of the problem is that it can also increase the poverty rate in the country.

7. Poverty – The inability of parents to bring their children to school has been considered as one of the factors that contribute to the illiteracy of people in Ethiopia. Without the money to sustain the needs of the children to go to school, it will be hard to build the literacy rate that is expected of this country.

Survey Results

8. According to survey results, there are only 47% literacy rate of women who are living in the country. Thus, it shouldn’t be good enough because it is considered very high, considering the number of citizens living in the country. The sad thing is that there isn’t any improvement over the years.

9. Many are still considered to be illiterates by other nations. This comes with the adult literacy rate of only 39% overall. Therefore, it has become hard for the nation to manage the illiteracy rate due to the expanding number of people who remained to be unable to read nor write, combined with the poverty rate that seemed to increase year after year.